Reference

Guide

Structure

Structured data input, which stores data in a field as YAML.

The structure field makes it possible to add multiple complex entries to a field, which will be stored as YAML. A typical use case would be a list of addresses, team members or a restaurant menu.

Example

fields:
  addresses:
    label: Addresses
    type: structure
    fields:
      street:
        label: Street
        type: text
      zip:
        label: ZIP
        type: text
      city:
        label: City
        type: text

Such a structure will be stored in the content file like this:

addresses:
-
  street: Rue de WTF 17
  zip:    1112
  city:   Monaco
-
  street: 1212 Broadway
  zip:    4321
  city:   New York
-
  street: At the beach
  zip:    9999
  city:   The capitol of the Bahamas

Field properties

Property Type Required Default Description
columns array [] Optional columns definition to only show selected fields in the structure table.
default array Set the default rows for the structure
disabled bool If true, the field is no longer editable and will not be saved
empty mixed The placeholder text if no items have been added yet
fields array required Fields setup for the structure form. Works just like fields in regular forms.
help mixed Optional help text below the field
label mixed The field label can be set as string or associative array with translations
limit int The number of entries that will be displayed on a single page. Afterwards pagination kicks in.
max int Maximum allowed entries in the structure. Afterwards the "Add" button will be switched off.
min int Minimum required entries in the structure
required bool If true, the field has to be filled in correctly to be saved.
sortBy string Sorts the entries by the given field and order (i.e. title desc) Drag & drop is disabled in this case
sortable bool Toggles drag & drop sorting
translate bool true If false, the field will be disabled in non-default languages and cannot be translated. This is only relevant in multi-language setups.
when mixed Conditions when the field will be shown
width string 1/1 The width of the field in the field grid. Available widths: 1/1, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 2/3, 3/4

Fields

You can define any number of fields and use the same field types listed:

Default values

You can set default values for structure fields which will prepopulate the field:

emails:
    label: Emails
    type: structure
    default:
      - email: bastian@getkirby.com
      - email: lukas@getkirby.com
      - email: nico@getkirby.com
      - email: sonja@getkirby.com
    fields:
      email:
        label: Email
        type: email

Table columns

You can define the columns that are shown in the table. This is especially useful if you have a lot of fields in your structure and you don't want to show them all on first sight, but still keep them editable. Columns can also change the text alignment, set a custom width and define a before and after text that will be prepended or appended to the value.

Option Value Description
width 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 2/3, 3/4 Set width of column
align left, center, right Set text alignment
before string Set text to prepend value
after string Set text to append value

Example

fields:
    holidays:
        type: structure
        columns:
            title:
                width: 1/4
            images:
                width: 1/2
            price:
                width: 1/4
                align: right
                after: "USD"
        fields:
            title:
                type: text
            images:
                type: files
            description:
                type: textarea
            price:
                type: number

Preview of fields in the table

The structure field tries to create the best possible preview for the field in its table view. If you are using fields provided by a plugin in the structure field, the preview of these can be customized with a field preview extension.

How to use in templates/snippets

To access a structure field in your templates, you can use the yaml() and toStructure() methods.