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Plugin Basics

Plugin architecture

Kirby comes with a very powerful but yet simple-to-start plugin architecture. A plugin is a simple folder with a bunch of PHP files. This would be the simplest form:

  • site/plugins/my-plugin/index.php

Kirby automatically loads all plugins from folders within /site/plugins and tries to find an index.php.

Simple vs. complex plugins

If you only need some helper functions or general PHP code, you can define them in your index.php. These will then be loaded automatically.

If you want to extend Kirby in more meaningful ways such as by extending Kirby objects or components, you need to use our new Kirby::plugin() method to define all the parts that will be extended.

Kirby::plugin() — one ring to rule them all

All plugins are registered with Kirby's static Kirby::plugin() method. It doesn't matter if you want to create just a simple KirbyTag plugin or a custom field for the Panel. Kirby::plugin() is your way to go.

/site/plugins/your-plugin/index.php
Kirby::plugin('my-name/hello-world', [
  …
]);

Plugin name

Each plugin must have a unique name. We follow the typical Composer package name scheme here, so your plugin name must follow the format {your-name-or-alias}/{plugin-name}.

You are totally free to use whatever alias you like. Something like superwoman/superplugin is totally fine. The alias and plugin names must only contain characters from a-z and dashes though.

The plugin name can later be used to find a specific plugin:

<?= $kirby->plugin('superwoman/superplugin')->version() ?>

Extensions

Your plugin can define any number of extensions for Kirby. Extensions can be blueprints, snippets, KirbyTags, fields and more.

A simple plugin

You can start simple by extending just one thing…

Kirby::plugin('superwoman/superplugin', [
  'snippets' => [
    'header' => __DIR__ . '/snippets/header.php'
  ]
]);

A complex example

…or get more complex by extending multiple parts at once.

Kirby::plugin('superwoman/superplugin', [
  'snippets' => [
    'header' => __DIR__ . '/snippets/header.php'
  ],
  'templates' => [
    'blog' => __DIR__ . '/templates/blog.php'
  ],
  'hooks' => [
    'page.delete:before' => function () {
      throw new Exception('Nope');
    }
  ]
]);

Plugins can provide entire sets of multiple extensions that work together and form big parts of a site.

Check out the list of all extension types.

Plugin information

To store more information about your plugin, you can add a composer.json to your plugin folder. We recommend to use composer's composer init command to simplify this step. All information in the composer.json can later be queried from your plugin:

composer.json
{
    "name": "superwoman/superplugin",
    "description": "Superwoman Demo Plugin",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "license": "MIT",
    "authors": [
        {
            "name": "Superwoman",
            "email": "superwoman@example.com"
        }
    ]
}
// somewhere in Kirby
$kirby->plugin('superwoman/superplugin')->version();
$kirby->plugin('superwoman/superplugin')->description();
$kirby->plugin('superwoman/superplugin')->license();
$kirby->plugin('superwoman/superplugin')->authors();
// etc.

The fields in the example composer.json above are just the basic metadata fields. Composer is also a tool that's useful to install plugins. How to setup your plugin for that is explained in our plugin setup articles.

Note that the name inside the composer.json file is only the name of the Composer package. If needed, it can differ from the name you give your plugin when registering it with Kirby::plugin(), which will be used when getting plugin data. We recommend to keep both names consistent to avoid confusion.

If you create plugins with more than just one extension, we suggest the following folder structure within your plugin folder:

  • assets
  • blueprints
  • fields
  • snippets
  • tags
  • templates

Plugin assets

Each plugin can have its own assets folder with any number of additional assets, such as images or CSS and JS files. Kirby will automatically take care to make those assets publicly available without needing to copy them to a specific folder.

Asset URLs

Each asset in the assets folder of your plugin will be available at /media/plugins/superwoman/superplugin/.

The URL path is constructed with the name from your plugin definition and has nothing to do with the folder name of the plugin.

Timestamps

Kirby will automatically add timestamps to each asset URL to enable cache busting out of the box. This means that assets will automatically be refreshed when a user installs an updated version of your plugin.

Example

Asset folder
/site/plugins/superplugin/assets/fields/myfield.js
Public URL
/media/plugins/superwoman/superplugin/fields/myfield.1520265293.js

Plugin options

Your plugins can define their own set of options:

/site/plugins/your-plugin/index.php
Kirby::plugin('superwoman/superplugin', [
  'options' => [
    'apiKey' => 'default-api-key'
  ]
]);

The values which you set for those options will be the default values. They can be overridden in the config file of the site.

Each of your plugin's options is automatically prefixed. The prefix is created from your plugin's name: superwoman/superplugin becomes superwoman.superplugin.

This will avoid any collisions with core options or options from other plugins.

Those options can be used anywhere in Kirby like this:

$kirby->option('superwoman.superplugin.apiKey');

Or with the option helper:

option('superwoman.superplugin.apiKey');

Options also need to be prefixed to be set in the config:

/site/config/config.php
return [
  'superwoman.superplugin.apiKey' => 'my-custom-key'
];

Setup of published plugins

If you want to publish your plugin, there are a few things you need to take care of to make installation of your plugin as simple as possible for your users.

We have prepared several tutorials for different use-cases: